PAyapa at MAsaganang PamayaNAn (PAMANA) - DILG-CAR Official Website
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PAyapa at MAsaganang PamayaNAn (PAMANA)




PAyapa at MAsaganangPamayaNAn (PAMANA) is the national government's program and framework for peace and development. It is implemented in areas affected by conflict and communities covered by existing peace agreements.


In order to strengthen peace-building, reconstruction and development in Conflict Affected Areas (CAAs), the Government is adopting a two-pronged approach: (1) negotiated political settlement of all armed conflict through peace negotiations, and (2) undertaking programs aimed at addressing the root causes of armed conflict through interventions on the ground.




1. Reduce poverty and vulnerability in conflict-affected areas through sustainable rural development, community infrastructure and focused delivery of social services;

2.  Improve governance through partnerships with national and local institutions, building capacities for governance, and enhancement of transparency and accountability mechanisms; and

3. Empower communities and strengthen their capacity to address issues of conflict and peace through activities that promote social cohesion.




The PAMANA framework is anchored on three complementary strategic pillars that define core interventions to achieve lasting peace.


Pillar I: Laying the foundation for peace through policy reform and legislative action.


Development interventions shall also be pushed in housing, ancestral domain, banking, and in other areas (e.g. IDP shelter assistance, mining/timber licensing agreements in IP areas)


Pillar II: Facilitating delivery of basic services at the community level through community-driven development and community livelihood interventions.


This aspect shapes families and communities by concentrating on health, education and livelihood programs (e.g. community - driven development [CDD) programs, such as Kalahi CIDSS, DAR-ARC).


Pillar III: Addressing sub-regional challenges, including constraints to regional economic development and economic integration of developing areas with the more progressive areas, and inter-regional connectivity improvements.


This includes investing on agri-industrial enterprises, coastal development initiatives, and infrastructure (e.g. road networks, electrification, postharvest facilities, farm-to-market roads).


The DILG PAMANA Fund covers interventions under Pillars 2 and 3.

For the Cordillera Administrative Region, PAMANA Pillar 3 will largely be the implementation of the GPH-CBA-CPLA Memorandum of Agreement (Closure Agreement) signed on July 4, 2011, with the following components:

1) economic reintegration and livelihood of CPLA members;

2) development of communities with CBA-CPLA presence;

3) transformation of the CBA-CPLA into a legal entity for socio-economic development;

4) inter-municipal and inter-barangay economic development for selected areas in the Cordillera; and

5) documentation of the CBA-CPLA struggle.


The Closure Agreement was designed and envisioned to be implemented guided by PAMANA as the government’s framework for peace and development in conflict-affected areas. At the same time, PAMANA as a program is seen to fund some of the concrete projects particularly the community development infrastructures and livelihood projects identified in the Agreement.


The PAMANA beneficiary areas in CAR include 57 barangays in 23 municipalities in the 6 provinces that were identified in the Closure Agreement. A total of PhP261.8Mwas earmarked for community-identified programs and projects in the region -- PhP 50M in 2012 and PhP 211.8M in 2013.


DILG PAMANA Pillar 2 includes the following:

1.Mainstreaming Peace and Conflict-Sensitive Planning Approach in the CDP and Other Local Plans, and

2.Setting-up of Mediationa nd Healing MEchnaisms in PAMANA Areas.