Rizal - DILG-CAR Official Website

Municipality of Rizal, Kalinga


Land Area (in Hectares): 23,100
Total Population*: 15,942
No. of Registered Voters**: 9,307
Income Class: 4TH CLASS
No. of Barangays: 14
Offficial Website:


History and Government


The people along the borderline of Kalinga and Isabela used to call this place “Lawan” which means “outside”. As years passed, the word Lawan was corrupted into Liwan. People were accustomed to refer to the place as Liwan that to this day it is mistakenly referred to by that name.


The municipality was once a part of the town of Tabuk in the old Mt. Province. It was the largest barrio of Tabuk before its separation. On June 19, 1965, Republic Act No. 4396 was signed into law by President Diosdado Macapagal creating the municipality of Liwan in the old Mountain Province. This law marked the separation of Liwan from its mother town Tabuk. It was originally composed of six barrios, namely: Babalag, Liwan (Townsite), Macutay, Santor, Bulbulan and Liwan East.


The first appointed mayor was Macaro Jambaro, who was then an incumbent municipal councilor of Tabuk. In 1967, Councilor Benjamin Jambaro (cousin of Macario Jambaro) was appointed as municipal mayor of the new town. The first election in the new municipality for its town officials was held simultaneously with the 1968 local elections. Benjamin Jambaro won and became the first elected mayor of the municipality.


In 1970, Congressman Felipe Almazan of the lone congressional district of Kalinga-Apayao sponsored a bill to change the name of Liwan to Rizal. On August 14, 1971, Republic Act No. 6183 was passed approving the change. Mayor Jambaro who was still then the incumbent mayor made Babalag the seat of the local government unit. Additional barangays were created including the split of Babalag into two barangays. To date, there are fifteen barangays in this town, namely: Babalag East, Babalag West, Bulbul, Calaocan, Camarao, Kinama, Liwan East, Liwan West, Macutay, Romualdez, San Pascual, San Francisco, San Quintin, San Pedro and Santor.


1 Babalag East (Pob.) 1,179
2 Babalag West (Pob.) 1,851
3 Bulbol 750
4 Calaocan 1,304
5 Kinama 762
7 Liwan East 1,349
8 Liwan West 2,490
9 Macutay 1,575
10 Romualdez 594
11 San Francisco 482
12 San Pascual 1,190
13 San Pedro 497
14 San Quintin 532
15 Santor 1,387


    *   - 2010 NSO Census of Population
    **  - 2010 Partial Data from COMELEC


From 1992 to 1995, Efraim Orodio was the mayor. He was succeeded by Marcelo dela Cruz Jr. in the 1998 elections.


Its Land


The municipality of Rizal may well be called the gateway to the capital town of Tabuk and in fact to the province of Kalinga. It is situated along the provincial boundaries of Kalinga, Cagayan and Isabela. It lies along the eastern part of Tabuk; bounded on the north by the municipality of Tuao, Cagayan; northeast by the municipality of Solana, Cagayan; on the the east by Enrile, Cagayan and on the south by Santa Maria, Isabela.


Rizal has a total land area of 23,011 hectares composed of valleys, wide plains and rolling hills. Its fertile clay loam soil is best suited for rice production. On its western side are grazing lands and forests.


The locality has a very pronounced rainy season during the months of June up to November and a relatively dry season during the months of January to May. Cold weather is felt during the months of November to February. It is hot during the rest of the months.


Its Inhabitants


Rizal’s population is 13,265 based on the 1995 Census of Population. Male population is 6,589, slightly outnumbered by the female population of 6,676. Most of the populace are Ilocanos. Only fifteen percent of the population are Kalingas while the other fifteen percent are from other Cordillera tribes. The rest of the population are Itawes and Ibanags from Cagayan and Isabela, respectively.


As to religious affiliation, about 25% are Roman Catholics while 10% are Protestants. Iglesia ni Cristo and Anglican constitute 5% of the populace, 10% belonging to other religious groups or sects.


Its Economy


The town’s major sources of livelihood are farming, business, agriculture, foreign or domestic employment, livestock and poultry backyard raising and woodcraft.


The municipality also produces corn, vegetables, and bananas. Irrigated land area devoted to these crops is 1,800 has. and the unirrigated or rainfed area is 700 hectares. Its main crop is palay.


Tourist Attraction and Place of Interest

  • The Elephant Hill


By: DILG-CAR, Copyright 1999
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Land Area (sq. Km.): 19,611.10
Population (2010): 1,616,867
No.of Registered Voters: 832,131
No.of Provinces: 6
No.of Municipalities: 75
No.of HUCs: 1 (Baguio)
No.of Component Cities: 1 (Tabuk)
No.of Barangays: 1,176
Legal Basis of Creation: EO 220
Date of Creation: 07/15/1987
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