Tabuk City (Capital) - DILG-CAR Official Website

Tabuk City, Kalinga




Land Area (Hectares) 70,025
Population*: 103,912
No. of Registered Voters**: 47,410
No. of Barangays: 42
Income Class: N/A
Income Class: 5TH CLASS CITY
Legal Bases of Creation:
- RA 533 dtd June 15, 1960 as Municipality
of Kalinga
- RA 9404 dtd June 23, 2007 as Component City
of Kalinga
- Supreme Court Decision dtd Feb 15, 2011
- Supreme Court 7-5 Vote dtd June 28, 2011
Official Website:




History and Government


Tabuk was once called the “Valley of the Gamonangs”. The Gamonangs are a Kalinga tribe which dominated northern Kalinga some centuries ago. This tribe was reportedly hostile and antagonistic that it provoked the anger of southern Kalinga tribes into joining forces against the Gamonangs.


The invasion by the allied southern tribes upon the Gamonangs left many dead in the battlefield. Soon a terrible epidemic followed which almost wiped out the Gamonang tribe. Those who escaped death were believed to have fled to the southeastern hills bordering the provinces of Isabela and the old Mountain Province.


Since then, the valley became a “No Man’s Land”. The Kalingas dreaded living in the valley. They superstitiously felt safe high up in the mountains and hills surrounding the valley. This left the valley to the deer, wild hogs and other wild animals.


Re-populating of the valley began sometime shortly before World War I. Then lieutenant governor Walter Hale sent six volunteer pioneers to re-inhabit the place. Three of these settlers came from sitio Tobog while three others were selected from Lubuagan. The settlers from Lubuagan failed after suffering from malaria. That left only the settlers from Tobog who started tilling the soil at Laya under the leadership of Gullit.


Between 1922 and 1923, a second group of settlers came from Bontoc, Mt. Province. Twenty-five homesteaders recruited from Samoki, Bontoc, decided to settle in a place now known as Barangay Bantay. They suffered malaria but they held on and the place became a thriving Bontoc village.


In an effort to push forward the colonization of the area, despite the appalling mortality of another Bontoc colony at Tuga, volunteers from Cervantes, Ilocos Sur were brought in. They were supplied with farm tools including mosquito nets and kitchen utensils. A certain Allo Caparas, a graduate of the Constabulary Army of Baguio, now the Philippine Military Academy, was assigned to manage the colony. Vicente Buslig, a nurse graduate of the Baguio Hospital and from Apayao, was sent to look after the health of these settlers.


Inspired by their success in the settlement at Tuga, the Cervantes settlers crossed the Chico River eastward, right to the heart of the fertile valley. The group was headed by Fructoso Gallema and Inocencia Candelario. There they found a “living spring” of fresh potable water. They settled near this spring and were later joined by settlers from Sigay, Ilocos Sur, led by Leon Bangisan and Pedro Balacang.


Thereafter, prisoners from the Ilocos came in headed by Francisco Viloria who settled in Bulanao. Dionisio Falgui brought in a group of Ilocanos from La Union and settled in Appas. They were joined by Lauro Arizala’s group from Zambales. Abraham Omao from Lubuagan chose to settle in Bulanao. The settlers harvests were abundant, the hills offered them plenty of venison and pork from the wild hogs. The creeks were full of fishes, crabs and lobsters but there were no roads and no markets for these products. Malaria casualties continuously depleted their number but the pioneers held on.


The dawn of the new era for Tabuk was more than assured with the coming of the Bureau of Lands Survey Party No. 3-A in the early 1930’s. The party scanned the sprawling valley and found Tabuk to contain a series of plains from Laya to Balong on the first valley, Ipil and Bulanao on the eastern plateau. Farther eastward across the hills, they saw another rich valley now known as Liwan or Babalag, Rizal. Southward, was the plateau of Callagdao and southward of Agbannawag, the plateau of Bulo. The government subdivision plan of Tabuk implementation accelerated the development of the town. Today, the names of dedicated surveyors like Mr. Edralin, Mr. Ela and Mr. Antonio Pizarro are always well remembered by the settlers who came in wave after wave to establish their homes in this great valley.


The booming community of Dagupan, which was often mistaken for Laya, was the fifth seat of the municipal government of Tabuk. The first presidencia was built at Balani, the second seat was at Macapel, Naneng. It was later transferred to Pacao before it was moved to Naneng Proper. Then for unknown reasons, it was transferred to Banat.


Finally, through a proclamation of President Elpidio Quirino, the seat of the municipality of Tabuk was fixed at Dagupan which means in the Ilocano dialect, meeting place.


On June 16, 1950, Republic Act No. 533 converted Tabuk into a regular municipality.

The town executives who helped shape the municipality into what it is today during the pre-war years were: Baac Gullit (1936-1937) and Jose Daodaoen (1938-1939); the military mayors were Francisco Viloria (1940) and Tangkib (1941); Tangkib (1942-1943) and Agustin Castro (1944-1945); during the Japanese occupation; Pio Albert (1946-1947) and Agustin Castro (1948-1950); during the post-war period, Agustin Castro (1950-1951), Miguel Buslig Sr. (1952-1953), Agustin Castro (1954-1955), Jaime Quirino (1956-1968), Ricarte Quinsaat (1968-1980, Jaime Quirino (1981-1987), Rommel Diasen (1988-1998) and Basilio Wandag (1998-2001).


The municipality is politically subdivided into forty barangays, namely: Agbannawag, Amlao, Appas, Bado Dangwa, Bagumbayan, Balawag, Baong, Bantay, Bulanao, Bulo, Cabaritan, Cabaruan, Calaccad, Calanan, Casigayan, Cudal, Poblacion, Poblacion West, Dilag, Dupag, Gobgob, Guilayon, Lacnog, Lanna, Laya East, Laya West, Lucog, Magnao, Magsaysay, Malalao, Malin-awa, Masablang, Nambaran, Nambucayan, Naneng, New Tanglag, San Juan, San Julian, Suyang and Tuga. But todate, Tabuk is politically subdivided into 42 Barangays.


1) Agbannawag 4,082
2) Amlao  682
3) Appas  2,689
4) Bagumbayan  729
5) Balawag 1,517
6) Balong  1,680
7) Bantay  1,015
8) Bulanao  15,948
9) Bulanao Norte  6,359
10) Cabaritan  915
11) Cabaruan 1,729
12) Calaccad  1,339
13) Calanan  1,423
14) Dilag  6,226
15) Dupag 1,154
16) Gobgob  1,823
17) Guilayon  835
18) Ipil  2,606
19) Lanna 1,082
20) Laya East  3,636
21) Laya West  2,649
22) Lucog 1,374
23) Magnao 1,014
24) Magsaysay  3,378
25) Malalao  399
26) Masablang  913
27) Nambaran 3,638
28) Nambucayan  988
29) Naneng 690
30) Dagupan Centro (Poblacion)  3,297
31) San Juan  2,115
32) Suyang  332
33) Tuga 1,347
34) Bado Dangwa  1,669
35) Bulo  5,057
36) Casigayan  2,806
37) Cudal 2,785
38) Dagupan West 3,985
39) Lacnog  3,757
40) Malin-awa  1,765
41) New Tanglag  1,301
42) San Julian 1,184


    *   - 2010 NSO Census of Population
    **  - 2010 Partial Data from COMELEC



Tabuk became the Cordillera’s second city after Baguio on June 23, 2007, when 17,060 voters ratified Republic Act No. 9404, An Act Converting the Municipality of Tabuk into a Component City of the Province of Kalinga to be Known as the City of Tabuk. In November 2008, the full bench of the Supreme Court of the Philippines declared Republic Act 9404 unconstitutional, reverting Tabuk to the status of a municipality.


On December 10, 2008, Tabuk and the other 15 cities affected, informally known as the League of 16, filed a motion for reconsideration with the Supreme Court. More than a year later, on December 22, 2009, acting on said appeal, the Court reversed its earlier ruling as it ruled that "at the end of the day, the passage of the amendatory law (regarding the criteria for cityhood as set by Congress) is no different from the enactment of a law, i.e., the cityhood laws specifically exempting a particular political subdivision from the criteria earlier mentioned. Congress, in enacting the exempting law/s, effectively decreased the already codified indicators." As such, the cityhood status of Tabuk is effectively restored.


But on August 24, 2010, in a 16-page resolution, the Supreme Court reinstated its November 18, 2008 decision striking down the Cityhood laws making Tabuk a municipality again.


Voting 7-6, with two justices not taking part, the SC reinstated its Nov. 18, 2008 decision declaring as unconstitutional the Republic Acts (RAs) converting 16 municipalities into cities again.


On February 15, 2011, the supreme court upheld for the 3rd time the cityhood of Tabuk and 15 other towns in the Philippines.



Its Land


Tabuk is 548 kilometers from Manila via Cagayan Valley and 514 kilometers from Baguio City via Mountain Province. It is semi-triangular in shape and is bounded by the municipality of Pinukpuk on the north and northwest, the municipality of Rizal on the east and northeast, by the municipality of Quezon, Isabela on the east and southeast, the municipality of Lubuagan and Pasil on the southwest and the municipality of Paracelis, Mt. Province and the municipality of Tanudan on the south.


It has an aggregate land area of 64,170 hectares. It is equivalent to 20.99% of the total land area of the province. About 60% of its land area is devoted to agriculture while the rest are residential, commercial, industrial and forest zones.


The total physical agricultural area of 16,103.5 hectares is devoted to the different crops for the first cropping and 13,059 hectares for the second cropping. The irrigated land has a total land area of 11,971 hectares while 1,637 hectares are rainfed.


Terrain ranges from flat to very steep or from 0 degrees to above 50 degrees. Some parts are gently sloping portions to undulating of three degrees to eight degrees slope and the elevation ranging from 150 meters to 300 meters above sea level. Some portions are from moderately sloping to rolling and to moderately steep or 8 degrees to 30 degrees whose elevation range from 300 meters to 1060 meters above sea level. The steep to very steep portions portions are from 30 degrees to 50 degrees slope and more than 1060 meters above see level.


The western portion of the municipality is traversed by approximately 60 kilometers stretch of the Chico River, an abundant source of water supply for irrigation year round. The Aliog River flows along the eastern while the Mallig River which winds its way from the Mountain Province down to Calaccad on the southern portion is also used as a natural drainage and a potential water source for irrigation. The Poblacion area to include Bulanao is also traversed by several inland tributaries which also serve as the natural drainage.


Generally, Tabuk belongs to Type III where seasons are not very pronounced, it is relatively dry from November to April and wet during the rest of the year.


Its Inhabitants


News of Tabuk as a Promised Land drove settlers in the 50’s to Bulanao and Appas. Many other groups followed, contributing to its growing reputation as melting pot of people of various origins and culture. Religion was a contributory factor to the rapid population and physical growth of Tabuk.


The Roman Catholic Church and the United Church of Christ operate a school and an institution, respectively.Others like the Anglican Mission, Seventh Day Adventists, Aglipayan, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Pilgrims Holiness, Spiritistas and Iglesia ni Cristo have also become active, contributing to a change in the given churches and overall landscape of the community. They helped particularly in shaping the customs, behavior, and practices of the populace to a point indistinguishable and perhaps modified from their respective origins.


Its Economy


The different tribes in the municipality except for the Gamonangs prefer to stay in the uplands of Upper Tabuk. They till the uplands as “kaingin” farms. They are also engaged in hunting and fishing, bartering their products in the market of Tuao, Cagayan for salt and clothing.


Tabuk holds so much promise for agro development, given its fertile lowlands watered by the Chico River Diversion Dam, a steady source of water that has enabled the farmers to produce rice round the year. Its road building program has tremendously hastened the development of both the town and the people.


Agriculture being the major occupation of the people has the biggest share in terms of land area due to its wide plains and available water supply for irrigation. Its semi-rolling and rolling hills are covered by coffee and fruit orchard aside from banana. Other portions are very much suitable for cattle and carabao raising. Thus, it has become an agricultural center and has continued supplying tons of rice to Metro Manila and Baguio City to include neighboring provinces. The municipality is noted with the quality of rice being produced. The rice varieties produced in the valley have a very different taste from the same varieties produced in the other towns, so tasty and delicious. Aside from rice, the other primary crops are corn, coffee and coconut.


The total physical agricultural area of 16,103.5 hectares is devoted to the different crops for the first cropping and 13,059 hectares for the second cropping. The irrigated land has a total land area of 11,971 hectares while 1,637 hectares are rainfed.


Tourist Attractions and Places of Interest

  • The Mini-Museum of Kalinga
  • Capitol Tourism Plaza
  • Chico Dam


By: DILG-CAR, Copyright 1999
Vol. I - Local Government Units


Mandatory Biometrics
Voter Registration

>Campaign Toolkit

>Streamer (Ilocano)
>Streamer (Tagalog)
>Streamer (English)
>Campaign Videos and
 CAR Geohazard Maps
Land Area (sq. Km.): 19,611.10
Population (2010): 1,616,867
No.of Registered Voters: 832,131
No.of Provinces: 6
No.of Municipalities: 75
No.of HUCs: 1 (Baguio)
No.of Component Cities: 1 (Tabuk)
No.of Barangays: 1,176
Legal Basis of Creation: EO 220
Date of Creation: 07/15/1987
Barangay Best Practices
Barangay Dashboard
Barangay Election FAQs
Kapehan sa Barangay
2013 Halalang Pambarangay