Bucloc - DILG-CAR Official Website

Municipality of Bucloc, Abra

Land Area (in Hectares): 6,377
Total Population*: 2,176
No. of Registered Voters**: 1,621
Income Class: 6TH CLASS
No. of Barangays:



History and Government


Among the early known settlers of Bucloc is Capitan Daodawen of Cabaruyan, Daguioman. He was the only son of Maday-acan, who migrated from "Vhotloc", Dao-angan, Kalinga-Apayao. Later on, Maday-acan migrated to Bingtitan, Bacao, Sallapadan where he married Ao-wanen of Masadiit, who was of Masadi-iy and Binongan parentage.


In January 1952, Capitan Daodawen celebrated his 115th birth year, based on record of a citation in his honor given during the Spanish Regime. That would fix his birth year somewhere in 1837. He died in 1957.


At the turn of the 19th century, Maday-acan and his brothers Wanawan and Wadwadan from Vhotloc, Dao-angan together with Siddayao and his brothers Gaddawon and Cagayongan from Longwa-an, Balbalasang, Kalinga migrated to the lowlands called "day-as" in Kalinga. Madayacan proceeded to Bangtitan, Bacao but Siddayao and company stopped at Nagas-asan. Presumably, they had previous contact with the people of Bacao or that they had relatives among them. During their stay in these places, they took time to explore the adjacent territories and they discovered a valley (now Bucloc-Daguioman), a very good place for settlement. Maday-acan and his group later moved to Codal, Ud-udiao, Sallapadan where his only son, Daodawen, was born.


One day, Siddayao visited his cousins Bayay and Puglay at Pacsal, Sallapadan and proposed to them that they all moved down to the valley. In honor of the occasion, Puglay butchered a big fat pig and drank wine from a bamboo tube 7-8 meters long. Looking at the bile of the pig butchered, they foresaw the success of their planned move down the valley. For their own convenience and protection from other tribes, Siddayao and his group occupied the eastern part of the valley from Lingey upstream.


Peglay and group were awarded the lower part of the land from Lamao westward. The early settlers named their own abode "Vhotloc" which was the name of the former abode of Maday-acan and family at Kalinga. "Vhotloc" means the "land of flowing or living streams" describing the new settlement which has a river with numerous brooks or creeks. To the early setllers, Vhotloc was the land of promise, if not "Beulah Land". Siddayao and his group of families settled first at Baniwas, then at Cadacad and finally at Lingey during the third or fourth year since moving into the valley. Peglay with the group of the same number of families moved in two groups at Daldalao and Lamao.


In a decade or more, Siddayao became a widower. He married an Amazonian beauty from Guina-ang, Pasil, Kalinga by the name of Danny. When Siddayao went to Guina-ang to consummate his marriage to Danny, he went to Balatoc and invited the relatives of Danny to migrate to Danac. Danac was explored by Siddayao a few years before his second marriage. Passing through Banao, now Pantikian, Kalinga, he invited his relaives to come down to "Vhotloc". Siddayao with his new bride moved and settled finally in Lamao where they died of old age.


In the meantime, the group of men went headhunting at Bangkagan, Luba. Bayay, as the leader, is with the group looking for a victim. They saw instead a beautiful lady taking a bath in a spring above her village. Bayay fell in love with the woman that he negated his initial purpose. What followed was a marriage between Bayay and the lady, named Tannao. Tannao was said to be a beautiful lady with aquiline nose, fair complexion and golden hair. The marriage of Tannao and Bayay ended the feud and headhunting between the Banao and Maleng clans of Luba and Tubo. Bayay finally settled in Luba, but two of his immediate progeny were married later in Lamao, Catimban and Banawa. Banawa is remembered in local history as the runner who warned the people of Tiempo of the headhunters from Banao. As a result, Daluping of Danao was killed and several men of Banao group were wounded.


When the Spanish sovereignty was established, the seat of government was in San Andres now Lingoy. Siddayao as the Gobernadorcillo invited many of his clansmen from Banao. The migrants later populated Cabaruyan, Pikek, Tui and Ableg. Among the migrants who became officials were: Andomang, Gaddawan, Salabao, Di-ig, Cagayongan and Daodawen. Daodawen served as Gobernadorcillo from the Spanish Era until the arrival of the Americans. With the coming of the Americans, the first official to be appointed was Daligdig, which was a reward for helping the Americans against the "insurrectos". Daligdig was succeeded by Bitacong, Sagmayao, Quelang and Lumawig, among others.


When the town was re-organized, Sallapadan became a town in 1917 including in its territory barangays Lamao down to Ducligan. Lingey up to Ableg remained as territory of San Andres. Due to the anomalous conduct of elections in Sallapadan, Lubuagen and some of the leaders of Bucloc petitioned the national government for a new town. In 1920, Bucloc was founded covering the barrios of Ducligan, Labaan, Lamao and Lingey. The first "President" was Lubuagen.


Up to this time, Bucloc is still composed of 4 barangays, namely: Ducligan, Labaan, Lamao (Poblacion), and Lingey.


1 Ducligan 437
 2 Labaan 587
 3 Lamao (Poblacion) 546
 4 Lingey 606


    *   - 2010 NSO Census of Population
    **  - 2010 Partial Data from COMELEC


Past mayors of the municipality are: Lubuagen (1920-1922), Lingayo Cariño (1923-1925), Bao-ag (1925-1927), Malaggay (1928-1930), Marcos Lizardo (1931-1933), Donot Cardenas (1934-1935), Cupas Valera (1936-1938), John Bayongan (1939-1944), Agosto Diyaoyao (1944-1945), Jose Coloma (1945-1951), Victorino Haboy, Sr. (1952-1959), Jose Balao-as (1960-1963), Rodrigo Coloma (1964-1967), Osias Valera (1967-1970), Anniban Balingdan (1971-1979), Rodrigo Coloma (1979-1980), Egan Sañgoy (1980-1986), Marino Jefferson (OIC, 1986-1987) and Mailed G. Molina (1988-1998). At present, the municipal mayor is Egan Sañgoy.


Its Land


Bucloc, 51 kilometers away from Bangued, is sandwiched between the municipalities of Daguioman on the east, Boliney on the south, Sallapadan on the north and Boliney-Sallapadan on the west. With its estimated land area of 4,000 has., it is predominantly mountainous with valleys and creeks. Existing land use classification are: agricultural - 216 has., residential - 21.7 has., institutional - 6.7 has., communal forest - 710 has., pasture land - 400 has., and unclassified public land - 2,646 has. Minerals such as copper, iron, gold and silver are said to be rich in the municipality. Placer mining is done along river banks especially at the mouth of Mangotmog and Malanas creeks.


The climate is characterized by two seasons - the wet and the dry. The dry season starts from November and ends April while the wet season is from May to October.


Its Inhabitants


Bucloc has a total population of 1,919 the second lowest in the province as of the 1995 censal year. The number of households is 330, an average household size of 5.82 and a negative population growth rate of 0.13%.


Most of the people in the municipality are Ilocano speaking with 90% while the remaining 10% are Itneg speaking. On religion, 48% of the population are Roman Catholics, UCCP - 28%, Pentecost - 6%, Apostolic - 5%, Jehovah's Witnesses - 7%, Baptist - 4% and Iglesia ni Cristo - 2%.


Its Economy


With its agricultural area of 216 has. over its total land area of 4,000 has., the municipality is predominantly agricultural. Other than agriculture, other sources of livelihood include fish culture, small scale mining, furniture and woodcraft, and honey bee culture.


On infrastructure, the municipality has poor roads with no national road. Water facilities are classified under Levels I and II. On financial institutions, the municipality has none. It has only two cooperatives operating. Power is being served by the Abra Electric Cooperative with 85% of the total household population energized.  


By: DILG-CAR, Copyright 1999
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Land Area (sq. Km.): 19,611.10
Population (2010): 1,616,867
No.of Registered Voters: 832,131
No.of Provinces: 6
No.of Municipalities: 75
No.of HUCs: 1 (Baguio)
No.of Component Cities: 1 (Tabuk)
No.of Barangays: 1,176
Legal Basis of Creation: EO 220
Date of Creation: 07/15/1987
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